PEMBENTUKAN KP-STUNTING (KELOMPOK PREVENTIF STUNTING) SEBAGAI INTERVENSI BERBASIS UPAYA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT DI KABUPATEN ACEH BARAT

ESTABLISHMENT OF KP-STUNTING (PREVENTIVE STUNTING GROUP) AS A COMMUNITY HEALTH BASED INTERVENTION IN WEST ACEH

  • Teungku Nih Farisni Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Teuku Umar, Aceh
  • Zakiyuddin Zakiyuddin Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Teuku Umar, Aceh

Abstract

Stunting adalah kondisi gagal tumbuh pada anak balita akibat kekurangan gizi kronis terutama pada 1.000 Hari Pertama Kehidupan (HPK). Provinsi Aceh merupakan penyumbang stunting cukup tinggi yaitu 40,3 %. (Riskesdas, 2018).  Pada Tahun 2018 Angka Stunting di wilayah kerja Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Aceh Barat sangat tinggi sebesar 43.2%. Penurunan stunting ditetapkan sebagai program prioritas nasional yang harus dimasukkan ke dalam Rencana Kerja Pemerintah (RKP). Tujuan dari pengabdian ini adalah untuk membentuk dan mengintervensi Kelompok Preventif (KP) stunting yang terdiri dari 16 kader kesehatan kecamatan Meureubo dalam mencegah kejadian stunting pada 1000 HPK. Metode pengabdian melalui 3 pendekatan yaitu pembentukan, pelaksanaan, monitoring, pendampingan dan evaluasi. Hasil pengabdian menunjukkan bahwa adanya peningkatan pengetahuan sebelum dan sesudah edukasi oleh KP stunting dengan hasil uji statistic diperoleh nilai P-Value = 0,00. 85% kader telah mampu melakukan pengukuran antroprometri dengan tepat, dan 90% kader KP stunting mampu menjadi konselor dan motivator bagi khalayak sasaran KP stunting yang terdiri dari pasangan usia subur, ibu hamil dan ibu menyusui. Oleh karena itu, dinas kesehatan diharapakan terus memberikan dukungan kepada para kader KP stunting sehingga mampu menekan angka stunting.


Kata kunci: Kelompok Preventif (KP), Stunting, Pasangan usia subur, Ibu hamil, Ibu menyusui


ABSTRACT


Stunting is a thrive failure condition of under five children due to chronic malnutrition problem, especially in 1,000 Days of Life (HPK). The province of Aceh was a high contributor to stunting, which was 40.3% (Riskesdas, 2018). Specifically, In 2018, Stunting Rate was 43.2% in working area of ​​the West Aceh District Health Office. It is classified as the higher number among the years. Therefore, Stunting reduction is determined as a national priority program that must be included in the Government Work Plan (RKP). The purpose of this program is to create and intervene the stunting Preventive Group (KP) consisting of 16 cadres of Meureubo sub-district in preventing the occurrence of stunting at 1000 Days of Life (HPK). The method used through 3 approaches, namely the formation, implementation, monitoring, assistance and evaluation. The result of program showed that there is a significant development of stunting preventive groups’ knowledge before and after education proven by pre-test and post-test score. 85% of cadres were able to take anthroprometry measurements correctly, and 90% of KP stunting cadres were able to be counselors and motivators for target audiences consisting of couples of childbearing age, pregnant women and nursing mothers. Therefore, the health department is expected to sustainably support stunting Preventive Group (KP stunting) so that the rate of stunting can be decreased comprehensively.


Keywords: Preventive group (KP), Stunting, Couples of childbearing age, Pregnant women, Nursing mothers

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Published
2020-11-21
How to Cite
FARISNI, Teungku Nih; ZAKIYUDDIN, Zakiyuddin. PEMBENTUKAN KP-STUNTING (KELOMPOK PREVENTIF STUNTING) SEBAGAI INTERVENSI BERBASIS UPAYA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT DI KABUPATEN ACEH BARAT. LOGISTA - Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 94-103, nov. 2020. ISSN 2655-951X. Available at: <http://logista.fateta.unand.ac.id/index.php/logista/article/view/337>. Date accessed: 04 mar. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.25077/logista.4.2.94-103.2020.
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